How to Form an LLC in New York State

New York City

Starting a Limited Liability Company (LLC) in New York State is an exciting venture for many entrepreneurs. An LLC combines the liability protection of a corporation with the simplicity and tax flexibility of a partnership. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the process, ensuring you have all the necessary information and steps to establish your LLC in New York successfully.

Step 1: Choose a Unique Name for Your LLC

Your LLC’s name must be unique and distinguishable from other businesses registered in New York. To check for name availability, use the New York Department of State’s Division of Corporations business name database. Ensure that your chosen name complies with New York’s naming requirements, and consider reserving the name for 60 days for a fee.

Step 2: Appoint a Registered Agent

New York requires LLCs to have a registered agent—a person or business entity responsible for receiving legal documents on behalf of the LLC. Your registered agent must have a physical address in New York. You can act as your own registered agent or appoint another individual or a professional service.

Step 3: File Articles of Organization

To officially create your LLC, file the Articles of Organization with the New York Department of State. You can submit the documents online, by mail, or in person. The filing fee is $200. The Articles of Organization must include details such as the LLC’s name, county location, registered agent’s name and address, and a statement regarding the LLC’s management structure.

Step 4: Create an Operating Agreement

New York law requires LLCs to have a written operating agreement, which outlines the company’s ownership and operating procedures. The agreement should be kept on file and updated as necessary. It does not need to be filed with the state but should be readily accessible for all members.

Step 5: Publish Notice of LLC Formation

Within 120 days of forming your LLC, you must publish a notice in two newspapers (one weekly and one daily) in the county of your LLC’s location, for six consecutive weeks. The newspapers must be designated by the county clerk. After publication, the newspapers will provide you with affidavits of publication, which you must submit to the Department of State along with a Certificate of Publication and a $50 filing fee.

Step 6: Obtain an EIN and Open a Business Bank Account

Apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the IRS, which is required for tax reporting purposes. It is free and can be obtained online. Once you have your EIN, open a business bank account to separate your personal and business finances, ensuring legal and financial protection.

Step 7: Comply with Tax and Regulatory Requirements

Depending on your LLC’s location and industry, you may need to register for state and local taxes, obtain permits, and comply with other regulatory requirements. Ensure that you are aware of all obligations to avoid penalties.

Step 8: File Biennial Statements

Every two years, New York LLCs are required to file a Biennial Statement with the Department of State. The filing fee is $9, and failure to file can result in the suspension of your LLC’s authority to do business in New York.

Starting an LLC in New York requires careful planning and attention to detail. By following these steps and ensuring compliance with all state regulations, you will be well on your way to establishing a successful LLC. Remember to seek legal and financial advice as needed and take advantage of the resources available to support entrepreneurs in New York State. With perseverance and diligence, your LLC will provide a strong foundation for your business endeavors.


This article is intended solely for the conveyance of informational content and should not be construed as providing legal counsel. The views and expressions within this article are those of the author and have not been verified for accuracy or alterations in legislation by